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Indian Architechture Through the Ages Introduction to Indian Architechture Architechtural Glossary Getting Around in India
 
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Monuments in Fatehpur Sikri
BADSHAHI DARWAZA
BAOLI
BIRBAL BHAVAN
BULAND DARWAZA
Diwan-i-Am
DIWAN-I-KHAS
HAMAM OF HAKIM
HIRAN MINAR
Jami masjid (Friday mosque)
JODHA BAI PALACE
MIRAM'S HOUSE
MOSQUE QUARTER
PALACE QUARTERS
PANCH MAHAL
TOMB OF SHAIKH SALIM CHISHTI
 
Legend has it that Emperor Akbar’s son, Jehangir was born only after Akbar visited the Sufi saint, Salim Chishti, who was living in Sikri, and received his blessings. Ever grateful, Akbar decided to shift his capital from Agra to this place. At the same time, since he had also successfully annexed Gujarat, he called the city Fatehpur Sikri (Capital of Victory). The city is planned on a grid. The town below the castle, no longer exists. Zones for the mosque and palace were demarcated on the plateau and red sandstone was used for all structures. Apart from the castle walls, fortifications are minimal. One part of the city wall and the entrance still remain as evidence of plans to build a large city within. Before these plans could materialize, the city was abandoned in 1585, because the man-made lake to the northwest could not provide sufficient water for the entire city. As this Fatehpur Sikri was not affected by the war, it has survived as a display of its architectural style to later generations. The architectural style is very similar to that of Akbar\'s mausoleum in Sikandra and reflects Akbar\'s ideology of a fusion of religions, technology and practical sciences.

It is fascinating to see the effective use of pivots in stone, the same way they are executed in wood. This style of construction is not usually used in arch construction. This is seen only in stone temples built by Hindus and Jains, without using the principles of masonry construction. It takes great experience and a number of devices are required.

Islam was a foreign religion imported into India and it brought with it, its own rich, traditional culture. Under Islamic rule, traditional religion and art also prospered. Akbar who developed a new construction style by fusing both, Hindu and Islamic architectural styles, was a true advocate of this culture.

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Naubat Khana
Agra Gate